Who we are

INTRODUCTION

Women and Law in Southern African (WLSA) Zimbabwe started as a Trust and a local Chapter of a sub-regional network in 1989. WLSA is now registered and operates as a Private Voluntary Organization (PVO) in Zimbabwe. The network member countries include Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland and Zambia. The purpose of the network is to contribute to sustained well-being of women and girl children through action-oriented research in the socio-legal field and advocating for women’s rights. WLSA work incorporates action into research by questioning and challenging the law, instigating campaigns for changes in laws, policies and plans of action, educating women and girls about their rights, providing legal advice and gender sensitizing communities and leadership

  • Vision of WLSA Zimbabwe

A society where justice is equitably accessed claimed and enjoyed by women and girls in all spheres of life.

  • Mission of WLSA

WLSA Zimbabwe is to organize; coordinate and support evidence based interventions that promote and protect women and girl’s rights through legal and policy reform and changes to discriminatory socio-cultural and economic practices.

1.3   WLSA Goal

WLSA goal is to contribute to gender equality and fulfillment of women and girls rights.

1.4 Values

WLSA Zimbabwe is guided by the following values:

  • Ownership
  • Professionalism
  • Accountability and transparency
  • Integrity
  • Solidarity
  • Equal rights and opportunities

1.5 Target beneficiary /constituency

Marginalized women and girls are the direct target group for WLSA. We have defined marginalized women and girls as those who are disadvantaged women in rural, peri-urban and urban areas. These are women and girls who:

  • have been left out in development issues
  • are socially, economically, politically and culturally marginalized
  • have limited access to resources which are critical for their survival.
  • have low literacy levels
  • who also suffer multiple jeopardy
  • lack access to information, education and campaign materials on issues that affect them.
  • are infected and affected by HIV and Aids

Secondary beneficiaries include men, boys, Law and Policy makers, Journalists/media, Community leaders/members, civil society and the public in general and communities at large.

1.6 Mission related programme areas

  • Gender justice and equality
  • Legal rights education and capacity building
  • Legal aid and support services

HIV/AIDS and women’s economic empowerment are cross cutting themes

Strategies

  • Action research
  • Advocacy and lobbying
  • Partnerships, collaboration and networking
  • Regional and international linkages
  • Development of models
  • Inclusivity and participation

Organizational development

  • Strong governance and management
  • Raising the right quality and quantity of funds
  • Human resource development for staff and Board
  • Developing and maintaining strong accountability systems
  • Being a learning organization

Research phases

Guided by the regional research program, WLSA has to date completed five research phases as follows:

  • Laws of Maintenance: 1990 – 1992
  • Laws of Inheritance: 1992 – 1994
  • The Position of Women in the Family – Women’s Access to and Control over Resources: 1994 – 1997
  • Women and the Justice Delivery System – problems and constraints: 1997 – 2001
  • Gender, HIV/Aids and the Law: 2003 – 2006

We have published monographs and booklets on the following;

  • Lobola ( bride price) and its effects on reproductive health rights
  • Women and access to land
  • Venia Magaya inheritance case
  • Human Trafficking and the UN anti trafficking protocol.

Full list and titles of WLSA Zimbabwe publications.  R at the end denotes co-publication with the WLSA Regional office.

  1. Challenging the status quo: Gender, HIV/Aids and the law in Zimbabwe – A rights based approach ( 2006)
  2. Combating international trafficking in women and children : The 2000 UN protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children through a Zimbabwean lens (2007)
  3. Venia Magaya’s sacrifice : A case of custom gone awry ( 2003)
  4. Lobola: Its implications for women’s reproductive rights in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe R ( 2003)
  5. A critical analysis of women’s access to land in the WLSA countries R ( 2007)
  6. Pregnancy and childbirth: Joy or despair? Women and gender generated reproductive  crimes of violence (2001)
  7. In the shadow of the law: Women and justice delivery in Zimbabwe ( 2000)
  8. Paradigms of exclusion : Women’s access to resources in Zimbabwe ( 1997)
  9. Reconceptualising the family in a changing Southern Africa environment R ( 2001)
  10. Paving a way forward : A review and research primer R ( 1996)
  11. Continuity and change : The family in Zimbabwe ( 1995)
  12. Widowhood, inheritance laws, customs and practices in Southern Africa R ( 1999)
  13. Regional WLSA impact study report R ( 1996)
  14. Inheritance in Zimbabwe : Laws, customs, practices  ( 1992)
  15. Who pays the price? Maintenance law in Zimbabwe ( 1990)
  16. Women and law in Southern Africa R  ( 1987)
  17. Legal situation on women in Southern Africa R ( 1987)
  18. Struggling over scarce resources: Women and maintenance in Southern Africa R ( 1999)
  19. Principles of the law of succession in Zimbabwe: Incorporating a women’s rights perspective(2015)
  20. Empowerment circle model – Incorporating the gender and development approach(2017)
  21. SI53/14 Agricultural Land Settlement (permit Terms and Conditions) Regulations (2017)
  22. Study circle material on the rights based approach (2017)

Journal (once)

  • Property and inheritance rights journal in Zimbabwe : Volume 1, Number 1, 2012

Position papers

  • Harmonization of marriage laws in Zimbabwe  and putative marriages (2013)
  • Alignment of family laws and laws related to inheritance with the new Constitution(2014)

Baseline surveys

  • Gender and Access to land post 2013 Constitution in Zimbabwe (2017)
  • Monitoring accountability to gender Equality and Women’s empowerment outcomes  – Baseline Report (2017)
  • Assessment of Musasa Monitoring and Evaluation systems on cash transfers and social media programmes in the context of HIV and AIDS (2017)
  • Baseline study on enhancing women’s  representation and participation at all levels of political structures in Zimbabwe ( 2010)
  • Baseline survey on enhancing gender equality through effective property and inheritance rights

(2010)

  • Strengthening the legal framework to enhance women’s access to property and inheritance rights in the context of HIV/Aids ( 2011)
  • Creating a conducive legal and policy environment for women in mining in Zimbabwe ( 2011)
  • Amplifying the voice of women in politics and decision making in Zimbabwe ( 2011)

Guides

  • Gender guide

Manuals and handbooks

  • The Wills and Inheritance laws program training manual for the communication campaign
  • Paralegal handbook for community based paralegal program, Manicaland , Zimbabwe Volumes 1 and 2
  • Peer educators inheritance laws handbook
  • Resource book and training manual on domestic violence in Zimbabwe
  • Training module for traditional court officials and paralegals on gender equality with a focus on GBV
  • Gender Equality, Human Rights, Monitoring and Evaluation Training Manual
  • Gender Extractives and Natural Resources Governance – Training Manual
  • Women’s rights Handbook – study circle material

In phase 6, 2003 -2006 WLSA focused on human trafficking, which is a form of violence against women.

  1. Past and current Campaigns

Redlight campaign on human trafficking and the sexual exploitation of women and girls:  (2006 -2010) this campaign aimed at raising awareness on human trafficking and sexual exploitation of women and girls in relation to the World Cup 2010 held in South Africa in July 2010 and beyond 2010.  

  1. Priority areas

 For the years 2014 -2018 WLSA will focus on the following women’s human rights and gender equality priority areas as informed by the strategic plan

  • Action research on issues of law and gender
  • Gender auditing
  • Monitoring of courts and court decisions
  • Development of model legislation
  • Shadow reporting
  • Linking with institutions supporting democracy such as the Gender Commission
  • Enhancing women’s access to justice
  • Enhancing gender equality and gender mainstreaming including capacity building
  • Gender based violence – To include human trafficking
  • Democracy and women’s participation in politics and decision making including elections and electoral processes
  • Land, property and inheritance rights
  • Engendering the extractive industry especially women in mining
  • Sexual and reproductive health and rights
  • Using the law to promote economic empowerment
  • HIV and AIDS, law, policy and human rights
  • Gender and climate change
  • Capacity building of WLSA and its partners
  • Women and labour
  • Women in the front lines as human rights defenders
  • Peace building  and conflict resolution
  • Strategic litigation
  • Provision of legal aid and services
  1. WLSA Consultancy services

 We offer consultancy services in the following areas:

  • Action/ participatory  research on gender, laws and policies that affect women
  • Gender audits/analysis/training on gender mainstreaming
  • Baseline surveys/studies
  • Review and assessment of regional and international women’s rights instruments
  • Shadow reporting
  • Model legislation
  • M and E training
  • Communication training and facilitation techniques
  • Sustainability models
  • Develop advocacy  and lobbying strategies
  • Development of IEC and training material
  • Legal education and training
  • Hosting and organizing National and Regional Conferences
  • Documenting conference and workshop proceedings
  • Workshop and conference facilitation
  • Communication campaigns
  • Rapportuering
  • Proposal development /resource mobilization

Recent consultancies

 Women’s Coalition of Zimbabwe: Strengthening women’s advocacy for inclusive governance (swag) campaign (February – March 2018)

Parliament of Zimbabwe: Gender Mainstreaming and Gender-Based Violence capacity building workshop for the Parliament of Zimbabwe. (October 2016)

 ZADT: Gender audit, production of gender mainstreaming training manual; training of staff and Board on gender (January to March 2016).

Caritas Australia: Gender audit of Caritas Gokwe – October/November 2014

 ZINAHCO: November 2013: Gender audit of the by-laws on housing cooperatives and gender mainstreaming training

 CAFOD: June to July 2013: Gender audit of Caritas Mutare, Masvingo and Hwange and gender mainstreaming training

Ministry of Women Affairs, Gender and Community Development/ UNDP: 2013 –Development of training manual on family laws and training of officers on family laws

 CAFOD:  July to September 2012: Gender audit of Caritas National and Gweru offices in Zimbabwe

 PLAN Zimbabwe: August to September 2011: Baseline study on the because I am a girl campaign

 FAO:   (November 2007 to March 2008) WLSA conducted a mapping exercise of organizations that are involved in property and inheritance rights linking this to gender, HIV and Aids.

CONCERN World Wide:  (December 2007 to January 2008 and September 2010): WLSA offered training and technical support to CONCERN World Wide staff to facilitate training in gender, HIV and Aids related legal framework. This involved training staff on laws and policies related to HIV and Aids co-facilitate training of communities in Gokwe and producing a training manual.

IPAS:  (November 2006 to March 2007): Desk study on access to safe abortion in Zimbabwe.

Ministry of Women Affairs, Gender and Community Development/UNDP: 2009 -2011: Producing family laws handbook and IEC material

 WLSA Zimbabwe projects 2007 – 2018

Period Name of project Funding partner Geographical coverage Local partner / Line Ministry Budget
January 2007

June 2009

Implementation of existing laws, policies and plans of action that address violence against women UN Trust Fund on violence against women through UNIFEM Binga, Zvishavane, Gwanda, Gweru, Beitbridge & Shurugwi districts MOJ ,GWAPA, Ntengwe , MWAGCD $211,000
June 2007

May 2008

Advocacy project on law, policy and human rights related to HIV and AIDS OSISA –LHI Makoni district FACT Rusape, MOJ,MWAGCD $50,000
March 2007

December 2008

Advocacy, training and information dissemination on sexual and reproductive health and the law EU Binga, Shurugwi, Zvishavane, Gweru, Beitbrige districts GWAPA, Ntengwe $135,000
April 2009

September 2010

Using the law to enhance women’s representation and participation at all levels of decision making  

EU

 

Makoni & Nyanga districts

 

FACT, MOJ, MWAGCD

$234,555
January

December 2009

Reducing discrimination and violence against women and enhancing access to justice OSI – IWP through OSISA Rusape & Makoni districts FACT, MOJ, MWAGCD $50,000
January

December 2009

The intersection between law, policy, AIDS and human rights OSI – LHI through OSISA Rusape, Makoni, Harare districts FACT,LSZ $50,000
January to December 2009 Redlight 2010 campaign on human trafficking and the sexual exploitation of women and girls HIVOS

OXFAM GB

National &

Gwanda ditrict

MOJ, MWAGCD $12,264
January 2009

December 2010

Family laws project : development of handbook, training manual and training of trainers UNDP National MWAGCD $60,000
January  – December 2010 Women and the Constitution SIDA through the WCoZ Manicaland province WCoZ, MWAGCD $14,200
January 2010

December 2011

Investing in gender equality through effective property and inheritance rights in Zimbabwe EU Mutoko and Mudzi FACT, MWAGCD, MOJ

 

$364,371
June 2010

May 2011

Enhancing women’s human rights by taking the Domestic Violence Act, inheritance and maintenance laws to the people. African Women’s Development Fund Binga MWAGCD $30,000
May 2011 – June 2012. Extended to Dec 2012 with grant from OSISA. Phase 2: August 2012 – July 2013 Strengthening the legal framework to enhance women’s access to property and inheritance rights in the context of HIV/Aids UN Women

 

OSISA

Harare, Epworth, Hopley, Norton , Ruwa Justice Aids Trust/ ZNPP+ $140,000

 

$40,000

September 2011

June 2012

Women’s Economic empowerment – Women in mining – Creating a conducive legal and policy environment for women in mining in Zimbabwe UN Women/GSP Midlands province Ministry of Women’s Affairs $50,000
November 2011

October 2013

Amplifying the voice of women in politics and decision making in Zimbabwe UNDEF Binga district Ministry of Women’s Affairs $200,000
June – Nov 2012 Strengthening the capacity of  the justice  delivery  system to effectively address GBV UN Women (GSP) Nyanga district Ministry of Women’s Affairs/Justice $65,000
January 2013

December 2015

Enhancing women’s economic empowerment through a strengthened legal framework on property and inheritance rights in Zimbabwe EU Harare, Chitungwiza, Norton, Hopley, Epworth, Ruwa Ministry of Women’s Affairs $600,000
March  2013

February 2017

Using the law to enhance women’s  capacity to participate in democratic processes in Zimbabwe Trocaire Mutasa & Lupane districts Ministry of Women’s Affairs $248,345
January 2016 – Dec 2018 Citizen participation in democratic processes Norwegian People’s Aid Murehwa Ministry of Women’s Affairs $206,997
August 2013 – Dec 2018 Women’s economic empowerment We Effect Mutoko, Mudzi, Makoni Ministry of Women’s Affairs $442,000
March 2017 – Feb 2019 A gender responsive mining law and policy framework OSISA Hwange, Penhalonga, Marange Ministry of Women’s Affairs/Ministry of Mines $180,000
Jan 2015 – Dec 2016 Integrated Support Program on gender based violence UNFPA 26 ISP Districts Ministry of Women’s Affairs $509,500
Jan to Sept 2017 Monitoring accountability to gender equality and women’s empowerment UNWomen Harare and surrounds Ministry of Women’s Affairs $65,000
Jan 2017 to Dec 2018 Building citizens capacity to access justice GIZ Harare, Chitungwiza , Beitbridge Ministry of Women’s Affairs $144,060
Jan-Dec 2014 Core-grants initiative Hivos Harare, Bulawayo Ministry of Women’s Affairs $70,040
Mar-Sept 2014 Alignment of laws to the new constitution British Embassy Harare Ministry of Women’s Affairs $20,000
Dec 2014 Strategic peace building and gender equality Diakonia Harare Ministry of Women’s Affairs $9,300
Jan-June 2015 Core-grants initiative Open Society Foundation Harare Ministry of Women’s Affairs $25,000
July 2016 – March 2017 Research on GBV shelters UN Aids Gokwe, Buhera, Mwenezi Ministry of Women’s Affairs $31,000
Nov-Dec 2017 Environmental clean-up campaign Green Grants Mutare Ministry of Women’s Affairs $5,000
July 2017-May 2018 Access to justice through help desks Trace Harare, Norton, Chitungwiza, Goromonzi, Beitbridge Ministry of Women’s Affairs $14,350
July 2018 – Jun 2021 Access to justice project EU with LRF Marondera, Bikita, Insiza and Kadoma Ministry of Women’s Affairs, LRF, ZWLA, JCT and ZLHR $450,650
Feb 2018-Jan 2021 EU with Plan Chiredzi Ministry of Women’s Affairs, JCT, Plan $310,000

FACT – Family AIDS Caring Trust – Rusape ( now FACE) , MWAGCD- Ministry of Women Affairs, Gender and Community Development ,  MOJ- Ministry of Justice and Legal Affairs, LSZ- Law Society of Zimbabwe, YOWLI – Young Women’s Leadership Initiative, FAMW-SA – Federation of African Media Women in Southern Africa, WCoZ – Women’s Coalition of Zimbabwe; JCT – Justice for Children

Relationship with the line Ministries

 Ministries mobilize communities for program implementation and also for Ministry of Justice and the Judicial Services Commission; we obtain authority from them to train personnel in the Justice Delivery System and to set up help desks at the courts. The programs are designed and implemented by WLSA Zimbabwe.

  1. Evaluation reports

 The following evaluation reports are available at WLSA:

  • Enhancing women’s economic empowerment through a strengthened legal framework on property and inheritance rights in Zimbabwe (2013-2015) (December 2015-January 2016)
  • Amplifying the voice of women in politics and decision making –UNDEF- 2013
  • EU – Investing in gender equality through effective property and inheritance rights ( 2011)
  • EU: Using the law to enhance women’s participation in politics and decision making in Zimbabwe 2010 end of project evaluation
  • Reducing discrimination and violence against women and strengthening women’s access to justice draft end of project evaluation report : 2010
  • UN Trust Fund to end violence against women : Implementation of existing laws, policies and plans of action that address violence against women – end of project evaluation report – 2009
  • UN Trust Fund to end violence against women : Implementation of existing laws, policies and plans of action that address violence against women – mid term  evaluation report- 2008
  • Report on the evaluation of WLSA action program  funded by OSISA : 2002
  1. Audit reports

 WLSA accounts are audited as per contractual obligations. The audit reports are available at WLSA offices.  Institutional audits for 2013 to 2017 are available upon lawful request.

 

  1. Organizational policies and documents
  • Child protection policy
  • Motor vehicle policy
  • Gender Policy
  • Human Resources manual incorporating internet use policy; consultancy; wellness policy and security policy
  • Finance manual incorporating signing threshold; procurement; assets disposal and travel and subsistence policy and cost sharing
  • Safeguarding participants policy
  • Assets
  1. Current Board of Trustees
NAME SEX Occupation POSITION Expiry of term
Franscisa Chinwawadzimba Female Lawyer Chairperson 2018 non- renewable
Sebia Kwaramba Female Finance specialist Board Member 2018 non-  renewable
Dr Admark Moyo Male Lawyer; Lecturer in Constitutional and Human Rights law Vice Board Chairperson 2018 renewable
Abel Matsika Male Social Science and academia Board Member 2018 Non- renewable
Ruth Wutete Female Gender Specialist Board Member 2018 renewable
Dr Onai Muvingi Female Financial Consultant Board Treasurer 2018 Renewable
Fadzai Mukonoweshuro Female Development specialist Board member 2018 and renewable
Ms Fadzai Traquino Female Lawyer National Director (ex-officio) N/A